Keyboard Top & Back Panels
I originally wrote these lessons for the PSR-2000. Fortunately, as Yamaha introduced new models each year, the basic operation of their arranger keyboards has remained the same. As a result, no matter which keyboard model you own, you can benefit from these lessons. Let's look briefly at the similarities and differences in these various models.
The drawings shown here illustrate the similarity, and the differences, between the Yamaha mid-range arranger keyboard models. The layout of the PSR-2000 and PSR-2100 is identical as is the layout of the psr-S900 and psr-S910. The speaker grill takes up more space on the S900 and S910 and the buttons, perhaps as a result, are much smaller. The speakers are again smaller on the S950 and the buttons moved up to the left and right side of the main screen. Note that the Multi Pads and OTS buttons are on the right side of the panel on the S950.
All of these keyboards include similar functions, and have similar buttons to operate these functions. I've color-coded some of the standard sections in the keyboard illustrations here to show you where similar button sections are located. The actual buttons on your keyboard are, of course, not color coded.
The main display screen is 320x240 with 5 selection buttons on the left and 5 more on the right side of the screen with 8 pairs of selection buttons below the screen. The next lesson discusses the keyboard display in some detail.
Each model has a set of style category buttons on the left side of the main display and a set of voice category buttons on the right side of the main display. On all the models, a set of style control buttons are located above the keys on the left side of the keyboard and buttons to select voices are found on the right side of the keyboard. All of the models have 8 registration buttons, on the right side on the 2000 and 3000, but moved under the screen on the S900 and S910. You will find the volume control on the left side of the keyboard and a data wheel on the right side.
If you happen to have one of the Tyros models, you are going to find the same basic layout. The figure here shows the Tyros3 and Tyros5-61. Tyros models do not have built-in speakers and so there is more room for buttons on the keyboard panel. It is also a bit wider and deeper (and heavier) than the mid-range models. The main screen is larger and has a higher resolution (640x480). Style buttons and controls are found on the left side and the voice buttons and controls are found on the right side. The Tyros models have 8 slider controls under the main screen and so the registration buttons remain on the right side of the keyboard. The new Tyros5-61 is the same size as the Tyros3 and Tyros4. However, the Tyros5-76 is bigger (1347x450x142 mm) and is heavier (16 kg vs 14 kg).
So what's the difference in these models? While all the models have a set of buttons for various style categories, the actual number of preset styles, that is, styles included with the keyboard, has generally increased with each succeeding model. Similarly, the number and quality of voices included with the keyboards have also grown over the years. The higher-end Tyros models will have more styles and more voices than the mid-range models. The improved quality of the instrument voices has been quite dramatic. The most recent models will sound much more realistic than the earliest models.
How you store additional files has also evolved over time. The 2000 and 2100 models (and the Tyros 1) included a floppy disk drive for external files. The 3000 moved to a Smart Media Card rather than a floppy disk and also added a USB port. Recent models continue to rely on the USB port and some now have internet connections built in. The Tyros models allow for an internal hard drive.
Operating the Keyboard
While the quality of the music produced by these keyboards has grown over time, the basic operations have not changed. How you interact with files is identical on all these keyboards. They all have styles with 4 main variations. They also have four one touch settings each of which can be combined with any of the style variations. Styles are controlled with chord fingering options that are the same on all the keyboards. They all have four multipad buttons and 8 registration buttons. They all include the Music Finder feature and all the models allow you to modify preset styles and create your own variations. They all play midi (song) files and they all allow you to record your own midi files. Of course, the more advanced models or the most recent keyboards will have unique features not available in other models. But the basic operation of these keyboards is similar no matter what model you have.
What this means for you is that you can benefit from the lessons provided here in the PSR Tutorial no matter what model you have. It also means that if you have an older model and are thinking of upgrading, the learning curve for the new models will be significantly reduced since most of the things you learned on your current model will continue to work on your new keyboard.
Turning the Keyboard On
Are you ready to get started now? Well, you can just turn the keyboard on by pressing the "STANDBY/ON" switch, generally located on the left side above the "MASTER VOLUME" control knob. Everybody ready?
Whoops, what's that? Tyros3/4/5 owners can't find the "ON" switch? Nope. No matter how hard you look, you won't find the "ON" switch. Why is that? Because someone at Yamaha had the bright idea of putting the POWER ON/OFF switch on the BACK panel of the Tyros3. In the illustration below, the switch is on the right side of the back panel (left side of the keyboard if you are facing the front of the keyboard) right next to the AC power cord socket. To turn the power on, you have to reach back and feel for the switch and depress it. This was NOT a good idea. Fortunately, the power switch was placed back on the top panel for the S910.
Since the back panel has entered the discussion, at least for Tyros3 owners, let's take a minute or two to examine what is back there.
- The power cord is plugged into the back of your keyboard.
- All of the keyboards support foot switches of foot controllers (Tyros models support three, the others two) and these are plugged into the back panel.
- All models have MIDI IN/OUT ports for connecting to external midi devices (Tyros models have two MIDI IN/OUT ports).
- All models have an OUTPUT (R L/L+R) jack for connecting to a stereo system or external speakers.
- All models have a MIC/LINE switch for switching between mic or line input. Tyros2 and Tyros3 have two mic/line inputs.
- Models after the PSR2100 include a AUX IN jack for connecting external audio devices like a CD player for output through the keyboard speakers.
- VIDEO OUT (RGB OUT) is available on all models except the 2000/2100.
- A "USB TO HOST" jack (for connecting the keyboard to a computer) is available on all models except the 2000.
- A "USB TO DEVICE" jack (for connecting a USB storage device) was introduced with the 3000 and is included with the S900/S910 and the Tyros2/3 models.
- Finally, the Tyros models also include jacks to connect external left and right speakers as well as a sub-woofer since these models do not have internal speakers.
While the panel control buttons let you make changes to the keyboard settings, you still need a method to see what options are currently set. The main display screen is your central control panel so the next lesson takes a look at the MAIN display screen and how you interact with it.