Frequently Asked Questions
for PSRs, CVPs, and Tyros
Updated August 5, 2012. FAQs compiled by Michael P. Bedesem from responses to email queries and forum posts. Special thanks to Frank J. Blecha who assisted with the formatting and to the many authors, identified where known, who have contributed material.Please report errors, suggestions and omissions to firstname.lastname@example.org
F.66 - What does P.A.T do?REVISED!
F.102 - How voice effects are set. REVISED!
Occasionally (e.g. sometimes after playing midis of unknown origin) the instrument may sound a little strange. Usually this can be corrected by a system reset initiated by holding down the topmost white key while turning on the power. Other reset options can be found on at Function/Utility/System Reset Tab.
The ram storage in instruments such as the PSR-2000 is very small. It is often advisable to save the User Area primarily for multipads, registrations, temporary song storage and styles that will be called up by Registrations (unlike Tyros, registration on the 2000 cannot recall styles from floppy).
Instruments use two midi ports to access 32 channels of midi.
In earlier units (<PSR-2000), the commands were all action oriented (load, save, etc.).
With newer instruments controls have an object focus. First you must select the thing you wish to operate on (song, style, multipads) using the display controls, and then all the things (actions, mostly) that you can do with then become visible.
Depress Exit repeatedly to get back to the main (top level) menu.
To do any action (load, save, etc), first select the Object of the action (style, Multi pad etc) on the Main menu. Pick the actions from the screen options.
Always save a registration after you set it, otherwise it will be lost when you turn off the instrument or load another registration.
Depress Mixing Console repeatedly to cycle between Style, Panel and Song. You have to use Song or Style Creator to save any changes made in Mixing Console to a song or style.
To record a song, depress Rec & Top together and then Rec and Then Play. To stop recording, depress Stop and Rec again. The easiest way to save a song you just recorded is to press Rec & Top together.
By default, changing styles will cause the split point and fingering mode to change. (Click Direct Access & Accompaniment to modify). To prevent this, go to Function/Utility/Config 1/Parameter Lock and place a checkmark beside Split Point and Fingering.
Depress Function/Utility/ Config 1 and scroll down to Parameter Lock. In Tyros, there are settings for:
- Fingering type
- Split Point
- Master Eq (the only one that is on by default, I am not sure why)
- Reverb Type
- Rev+ Chorus + DSP return level
- Mic settings
Checking these boxes means that the only way that they are changed is manually via the menus. No longer will changing styles switch the split point, fingering, etc! Caution: the lock setting applies to changes that might be made by Registrations. If you want the Registration to change DSP settings, be sure to leave it unlocked.
The PSR-2000 has fewer entries (and does not have some of the annoying changes either).
After effect from midi Songs There are many midi songs available on the net and from commercial suppliers that have been tailored for specific sound cards or instruments. These may contain effect, lyric and control commands which can confuse Yamaha instruments or leave them in a strange state. To correct, restart the instrument by turning the power off and on. If this does not work, do a system reset by holding down the top most white key why turning on the power.
The program MidiPlayer automatically eliminates problem midi events. If you play midis using MidiPlayer, or process the file in the program (open then save), most of these problems will be eliminated.
Interaction with open computer programs. This can occur if your instrument is connected to the PC via Midi, and a sequencer, Band In A Box or other program that can receive and send commands is running. For example, selecting a style on the Tyros with OTS Link Off can cause the right hand voices to changes. This happens because changing settings generates a series of midi commands that are sent to the PC, received, processed and retransmitted to the instrument. Closing the PC program or turning off the midi retransmission (called Midi Thru or Echo by some programs) eliminates the strange behavior.
To check the Tyros OS version:
- Depress Function /Utility /O
- Hold down the Owner Name button for 5 seconds and then the OS version will appear.
With Tyros, you have to be in Fingered mode in order that holding down any three adjacent keys will play just the drums alone.
There are two types of DSPs on these instruments: 1) System, a common effect that can get input from any of the 16 midi channels based upon the amount selected by the effect slider, and 2) Insertion, an effect which is applied to a single channel only, and in a fixed amount set by the instrument (the slider is inactive)
By default, the song DSP is set to insertion DSP 1, Delay LR, Part=Off. If you want to apply an effect to just one part, depress Mixing Consol button until you get to Song 1-8 or Song 9-16, tab to Effect, depress the Type screen button, and use the screen buttons at the bottom to select a channel and the effect desired. Since the effect amount is fixed, the sliders remain grayed out. If you want to assign an effect to more that one channel, use the screen buttons to select another DSP and change the part to the new channel.
To use a system effect with a midi, in Mixing Console, tab to Effect, depress the Type screen button, and the Parameter screen button. And then you must do something that is not so obvious! Depress the Parameter button (4 or 5 at bottom of screen) until the next to last entry. You will notice that there are several "hidden" parameters, one of which selects whether the effect is System or Insertion. Change the entry to System, depress exit to go back to the Type and select an effect. When you have done this, depress Exit again and you will see that the effect sliders are now active.
There are 6 Song button on the main panel (next to the Preset Styles). You can use these to access a directory or a file directly with one button depress.
To set a target, depress Song and then the TOP of button 8 (View) to change from the direct view (10 songs only) to number input mode. Go to the file or directory that you are interested in and then depress the screen Memory button and one of the 6 Song buttons.
The numeric display shows 16 songs on a screen, and you can advance by 16 with the buttons to the right of the screen. I do not think there is any limit < 250 (I saved 56 to one folder and it was OK). You can select song by scrolling the screen 16 files at a time or directly by number.
Look in the Specification section at the very end of your Operators Manual (available here:
Consult the Parameter Chart in the manual. Items that are stored will show an "O" in the appropriate column. (The identification of this "O" was omitted in the some manuals).
When your Tyros is switched off, press C#2,F2,G#2 and then turn power ON. You will now see a test screen. You can scroll through the tests using the Tempo +/- buttons. Press start/stop (style control) to start a test. To get out of this mode, switch the keyboard off and then back on again.
There are two ways of changing style tempo on Tyros.
- Load the style and use the tempo buttons to make your selection. The depress Digital Recording/ StyleCreator and then Next to the first page that gives a Save button. Click Save and go from there.
- Load the style and go to the Digital Recording/Style Creator and change the tempo there. Then Next to a page that has Save (if it is not available) and save.
While in the SCORE window, press SET UP. You can then select whichever tracks you like for left and right channels by pressing the 1 & 2 buttons, then depress OK. (From Will at SVPworld Forum)
In Score display, you have to select which track (s) you want to view by pressing button 8 setup. Then, on the left side of the display you select the track for left and right display. Usually the left channel will display the bass clef and the right the treble.
You may have to set these for each song because the settings are normally default
to "Auto" and you never know what you are going to get - (Bill G)
Depress the style or midi screen button, then tab to the storage area, depress View at bottom of screen and then properties.
If you are in Fingered (or AI Fingered) Mode and hold three adjacent keys down with the left hand, only the rhythms part of the accompaniment will sound.
If you are holding a root note below any three adjacent notes, then a cymbal will sound and the bass part will solo.
This occurs when you key in a chord containing both the root and a full octave above it, for example C Chord: C E G C. The effect varies depending upon the style but usually it plays just the root. (From George).
There are two arrangements for linking two PSRs via midi:
- Play on one PSR and use the second as a tone generator. In this case, the accompaniment and voice selection is done on the PSR that you play (Master), but the Slave generates the sound. Connect the Midi Out of the Master to the Midi In of the Slave. Set both instruments to Function/Midi/All Parts.
- Play on one PSR (the Master) and but use the accompaniment styles and voices that are selected on the second PSR (the Slave). Connect the Midi Out of the Master to the Midi In of the Slave. Use Function/Midi All Parts and Edit to set the transmit of the Master to transmit Lower on a specific channel, e.g. 16. Set the transmit characteristics of the other channels (9-15) to Off. Set transmit clock to on. On the Slave, use Function/Midi All Parts and Edit to set root and chord recognition to the channel selected for the Lower data (e.g. 16) -
There are seven types of fingering available on the Tyros.
- Single Fingering If you do not have any knowledge of how to play a chord, then this is the simplest! Rather than have to use 3, 4 or more fingers to play a chord, you can use one finger to play full major chords in any key. Press any single key in the accompaniment section and get a corresponding major chord in that key. To get a minor chord e.g. Cm, ALSO press the nearest black key to the left and to get a 7th e.g. C7, ALSO press the nearest white key to the left of the main key. For a minor seventh e.g. Cm7, simply press the nearest black and white keys to the left of the main key, i.e. a total of 3 keys.
- Fingered mode Here you can play your own chords using at least 3 fingers as you would on a piano. The keyboard recognizes most chord variations, see accompanying Tyros literature or the Tyros's on screen chord tutor.
- Fingered on bass Basically the same as above, you play your own chords using several fingers, but the bass line in the accompaniment will take the lowest note in the chord you play as its root... this allows you to play slash chords or "on bass" chords, i.e. playing for example a C bass with an F chord by ensuring the lowest note of the chord is a C.
- Multi Finger Probably the best choice if you do not know all chords, since you can play single finger chords AND also finger chords yourself! - If you play a single key or add notes to the left as in single fingering, you get automatically generated chords. On the other hand, if you play a full chord with several fingers, the tyros will recognize it also. A combination therefore of single finger and fingered modes 1 and 2.
- AI Fingered This one often confuses people! It's almost identical to "2. Fingered", the only difference is that unlike fingered mode, you can play less than the required 3 notes to create a chord (once you have played at least one full (complete) chord and the keyboard makes assumptions from the last chord you played on how it should complete the structure of the chord... this makes it easier to take your left hand from the keyboard to operate the accompaniment during a song. So if you played F (F A C) you could then change to Fm simply by playing F and Ab (the Tyros adds the C). Try it! It also makes it easy to walk down through chord sequences by just changing the position of one or two fingers in the accompaniment.
- Full Keyboard Handy if you do not want the keyboard split into two! Allows you to use the entire keyboard for your selected voice, for example piano and the tyros will detect which chords you play from your left and right hands to trigger the accompaniment. Probably a good choice for pianists, but be warned as it can get confused if you don't always play chords but melody lines on the keyboard! Also, it recognizes chords from the notes you play in your left and right hands separately.
- AI Full Keyboard Essentially this mode is supposed to overcome the problem of using Full Keyboard mode when you don't play chords i.e. you play single melody lines, arpeggios and other techniques in between. It is essentially a combination of full keyboard mode with AI fingering as opposed to the previous mode, which relies on a combination of fingered mode and full keyboard. So, putting that in plain English, the accompaniment is based on chord recognition from the previously played chord if your playing has less than 3 notes to identify a chord from (see AI fingered mode). Since it works according to the previous chord you play (when you don't fully finger the next chord in your performance), it might not always suit every song.
The advantages of these last two modes (full keyboard) is that you get the entire keyboard to play on using both hands if you are a pianist, and the tyros will attempt to add an accompaniment by examining what you play. The downside is that it has to make a lot of assumptions on what you play, and those assumptions are not always correct!
If you need to ensure your chord changes in the accompaniment are always right but you don't need to play the full keyboard with both hands as a pianist, then choose something like Fingered (if you know chords), Single Finger if you don't know any chords, Multi Finger if you only know a few. If you want additionally to vary the bass root from the chord root note (slash chords) then try Fingered On Bass. If you want to play like a pianist with both hands and want the Tyros to add a backing, try the full fingered modes.
To set the foot pedal, depress Function (left of screen), then Controller , select Pedal tab with the Next button (to right above screen) if necessary, then use button 1 below screen to scroll down to the Bass Hold setting. Check that the pedal polarity is as you want and that is it!
This item, e.g. S660, in the file name specifies the icon used in the display window.
- Setup the instrument so that the only way Mic settings can be changed is manually, i.e. not by a song or style. To do this: Function/Utility/Config1 Tab and scroll down using buttons on left to parameter lock. Make sure that Mic (and other settings you want to 'lock' until you change them) is checked. Depress the Exit button to get back to the main menu.
This setting is saved in the Setup file that is loaded every time you start your machine. If you do a system reset, then this file will generally revert to the factory default and you will have to make the changes again or load a Setup file that you have stored with your settings. To save such a file, after making your changes go to Function/Utility/System Reset and using the buttons on the right side of screen, depress system setup, then Next to User (or HD or Floppy), then Save, and then use a new file name. Do not take the default, as it will only confuse you later. To load a file, go to Function/Utility/Reset and then Next to the location of the file and double depress the button next to the file name.
- To set the Mic reverb setting to 0, depress Mic Settings/Talk Settings Tab and set reverb depth =0. Depress Exit repeatedly to get back to the Main menu (otherwise, the setting is not stored in the setup file!). This setting should be there until you change it or do a system reset.
After making changes in Function/Midi/ Edit, Exit to the Midi Preset window and then Next to the User area. A save command will appear.
- Depress Memory and make sure the Mic settings are set.
- Select a midi and a style and the settings you want in the Vocal Harmony section using the Mic button.
- Record a registration and Save the bank.
When ready to use this setup:
- Recall the registration bank and depress the desired registration. That should bring up the style and the midi.
- Now the un-obvious part: Depress the Vocal Harmony Mic button and then depress the registration again. This will bring up the Mic settings. I have no idea why the extra registration depress is required. But it works!
- Press [FUNCTION]
- Press [E] (Reg.Sequence/Freeze/Voice Set)
- Press [NEXT] twice (Voice Set)
- Uncheck ''Effect'' for <R1> or any/all voice sections (according to your needs)
- Press the [DSP] button to turn Off DSP
Now when you change voices, the DSP will not turn on.
Set the accompaniment split point to C1 (lowest key). Leave the left split point where you want it. This allows playing the left and right voices along with the accompaniment triggered by XF or other chord source.
When accompaniment is turned on, but not playing, the left hand plays what sounds like a string voice. This is determined by the Stop Accompaniment being set to Fixed at Function/Utility /Style Setting. When set to Off, no sound is heard from the left hand. When set to Style, a sound derived from the style voices is heard.
When you turn Local off, you disconnect the keyboard from the tone generator, so that you don't trigger notes twice. But when you're using the Mixing Console [to send setup data], you're no longer dealing with Note data, you're dealing with Control Change data. You'll need to disconnect that loop too. If you can't filter it in your software, you can set the Receive filter to ignore control changes. That will stop the problem, but of course, after you finish what you're doing with the mixing console, you'll want the control data that you've recorded to affect the Tyros, so make a note to turn it back on when you're done. (From Yamaha)
There are two options:
- Depress Channel On/Off then song tab and use the toggle buttons at the bottom of the screen to disable any specific channel. You cannot save this configuration.
- Depress the Mixing Console button to the Song pages and use the slider to turn down the volume of a channel. To save this configuration, go to Digital Recording/Song Creator/ Setup and depress Execute, then Save.
From Gary as PsrTutorial forum: Here are the EQ settings I use on the PSR-2000 that really seems to bring out a lot of the mid and high range voices. It is particularly effective when used with the grand piano.
Through many hours of experimentation, I have found the following settings to be effective for playing large rooms, halls and outdoor jobs. In the USER1 slot, select edit, then set the "Q" control at 0.7 and the "FREQ" control at 1.8 kHz. Now adjust the EQ sliders for the Gain to the following settings: EQ1=6, EQ2=4, EQ3=4, EQ4=8 and EQ5=10. Press the "STORE1" button and your settings will then be saved to that memory location. You'll be given a chance to rename USER1 to something that might remind you of what this settings is for. Now press the [EXIT] button and you will be returned to the main "MASTER EQ" screen.
Today, I readjusted them on the 3000 to EQ1=7, EQ2=5, EQ3=4, EQ4=8, EQ5=10 and the results are a bit better, especially for the piano, guitar and sax voices.
When recording from the PSR to an external sequencer, Yamaha recommends using the Mixing Console to setup voices, effects, etc. Then open the midi in the sequencer and multi track record to measures after the setup commands put there by the PSR. For this to work, you must have at least some note data in the track before you edit the setup in the Mixing Console. You cannot 'setup' and empty track. Ensure this by Quick Recording one note in each channel, 1 to 16.
After editing each track in the Mixing Console, depress Top, Open Sound Creator, depress Next to the Channel Tab, and button B to the fifth item, Setup. There you will see a list of items that can be recorded to the song any time that you depress the Execute button that is shown on the screen.
First, make sure that Voices, effects, etc are all checked, and then depress the Execute button, and it should tell you that it is recording your changes. See H.6. for more detail
The section is grayed out if you are not at the beginning of the midi. Hit Top and it will appear!
On the Channel page, select a measure location, hit Ins to insert an event, then scroll up and sideways to the Note field and use the data entry to change this to Prog. Then move to the right and select a midi program change number.
It also allows you to enter controller events so that you can specify XG voices. In this case, before the Prog event, create a Ctrl event with first data word to the right= 0 (MSB Bank Select) and then 0. Then another Ctrl event with the first data word =32 (LSB Bank Select) and then the Bank number that you want -
It is in the "Voice Effect", the button is at the right hand side at the end of the second row of the Voices. It also controls DSP On/Off, Sustain, Touch, and Mono/Poly.
This will remove bars from the end of the measure (bar) selected to the current end of the song.
- 1. Use FF to move to the Bar for song end.
- Press Rec.
- Play one note
- Press Stop and Play together.
- Press Stop.
Don't forget to save the song after the changes.
The following SysEx messages programmed into a remote midi foot controller trigger the Vocal Harmonizer on/off. This includes turning on/off the vocalizer's green status indicator light as well. (From Gary)
F0 43 10 4C 04 00 0C 7F F7 (Vocalizer off)
F0 43 10 4C 04 00 0C 40 F7 (Vocalizer ON)
- Select a mega guitar voice, e.g. distortion.
- Select 'Upper Octave +'
- Play the highest C note for slide effect
- Press 'transpose+' five times.
- You will now get five different guitar effects on the upper five notes.
- - - (Rick & Glidem on Svpworld forum)
If you want to record the effects in a Multipad, then use the Mixing Console to transpose:
E.g. Set the Distortion MegaVoice as R1.
In Mixing Console/Panel pages/Tune set the Octave for R1= +1.
You can now record the Multipad using the effects.
There are two possible methods: 1) Saving and recalling via Function/Utility/User Effects and 2) Saving a registration with the mic setting checked (if it alone is checked, it will not change other items and can be used for special mic effects during a performance). (Gary and Valhal)
Make sure the mic gain is turned down. Of course, if you have the master volume control cranked full blast, then you'll get that with any kb. (Scott Langholff)
Mic and pedal settings are not be saved unless you save the information to a registration. Most of us do this and name the registration SETUP or something similar. Then, when the keyboard is first turned on, the very first thing you do is select that registration and the mic and pedal settings are recalled at the touch of a button. (travlin'easy).
You can do it with the front panel Transpose rocker, but it is easy to make a mistake. Here is another way:
- Depress Memory and enable Tune/Tran; uncheck all other items
- Create a registration bank named Transpose and with button 1 = +1, button 2 = +2 , etc.
- Set Transpose Setting in Function /Controller = Master.
Strange PSR behavior may have many causes:
Non PSR Midis If you play midis that were developed for specific sound cards, they might use some of the same commands but in different ways and thus can leave the instrument in a strange state. Good practice is for every midi to initialize all commands, but with so many possibilities, this is often impossible. It does not happen very often and a system reset is by far the quickest and most effective cure.
Custom Voices I have noticed that working with the Custom Voices can also produce unstable setups. This is not something that most of us do every day, and again, when in doubt, just do the quick system reset.
Sequencer feedback. Very often, users open a sequencer program and forget to turn off Echo at the PSR or PC. This means that commands bounce back and forth. I suspect that occasionally one side or the other corrupts one of the echoes and that can lead to a strange state. I have never been able to reproduce this behavior, but when Echo is off, my system is more stable.
Foreign files. A lot of people want to use registration files that were developed for other instruments. While this seldom creates any problems, the potential is there to set up unusual conditions. The registration file has the ability to determine almost every characteristic of a PSR. Remember that Yamaha does not release information on the definitions and when they change or how. So any converted registrations have the potential to do something unintended. I have never seen an example of this, but the potential is there.
Given its complexity, the PSR/Tyros is an exceedingly stable instrument. Mine will go for many days or even weeks. But occasionally, most times from causes unknown (including my grandchildren that think that the Tyros is some fantastic Star Wars console and push all the buttons as no engineer might never have anticipated), I have to just hold the rightmost white key while turning on the power. I would do it all the time except it resets the settings that I make in the Parameter Lock section of Function/Config 1.
Do a Multi Record but only set the R-L voices to record (ch 1-4). The style chord events are sysex and will be recorded even if the channels controlled are not.
Tyros 2 cannot defrag the internal HD.
If you need to defrag the HD, start up in HD Storage mode ( Press MusicFinder and turn on), with your windows XP PC connected.
Select the Tyros 2 HD in My Computer and defrag from the properties command.
Use the program HDCheck (
When you turn on Tyros, the Vocal Harmony light is always lit. To make it default to "off", many users create a registration called Setup and start it every time they turn on the instrument. There a number of other settings that often are put in this registration to ensure a known state after startup.
The instrument makes use of two midi ports called Midi A and Midi B. Both can support 16 channels. Midi A will transmit via USB 0-1 and the Midi A midi port. Midi B only transmits from the Midi B midi port and not USB -
At the computer, data from the instrument is accessible via Yamaha 0-1 In USB driver and the Midi A and Midi B ports(assuming you have a midi interface that installed that supports these).
You can receive data from the computer on Yamaha 0-1 USB out (midi A), Yamaha 0-2 USB out (midi B) or the Midi A and Midi B midi data ports.
I.e. you can send and receive 32 channels at once only via the midi data ports. If you use USB, you can transmit 16 channels and receive 32. This is not really a problem since most recording applications are done in layers and you can redirect the 16 USB channels to Midi B tracks at the sequencer.
If you go to Function/Midi/Edit/Transmit or Receive, you will see that you can select the 16 midi A channels or the 16 Midi B channels. This is where you assign the data that is sent or received from the computer. You will note that under Receive, Midi A can be directed to any of the 16 song channels or any of the 16 keyboard channels; Midi B can only be used with Keyboard channels. Thus you really do not have a 32 channel recording/playback device; to do this you need two instruments.
On the computer side, e.g. Sonar, select the in/out assignments in Tools/Midi.
The setting for the pitch bend range is on the Mixing Console/Panel page/Tune tab
Load any other song and then delete the one you want. You cannot delete the loaded song.
Alternatively, turn on the instrument, go to the HD recorder and push Delete first. (Eileen on Yamaha PKOwner forum)
- Playing any three adjacent notes simultaneously in the style control end of the keyboard stops all style sections except rhythm - an interesting effect at the right moment in some songs.
- Hitting the button of the main section which is playing at any time brings in the fill.
- The real usefulness of these above two is that when used together you get a great style break and fill in on the drums with no other instruments which work on many songs as a bridge. i.e hit the three notes together, then immediately hit the main section button to activate the drum fill. On many styles this is very effective.
- Synch stop can be left on but only activated when you want it by setting a time window which then lets you play normally, but actuate it with a staccato chord. Unlike the three button stop above which keeps the beat going, synch stop stops not just the style but the beat, so it's great for the free tempo lead or vocal sections in a song. Hitting a chord brings the style right back on the first beat of the bar.
- If you really want to get clever combine the synch stop with 1 and 2. Now you can have a free tempo section, then a great drum riff bringing you right back into the full accompaniment.
- Yamaha provides us with a lot of chord fingering options for different skill levels but you have to use fingered on bass for control of the bass line which is essential for breaking up repetition, and playing chromatic bass lines. Also it provides subtle harmony variations, - some things just don't sound right with the chord root as the bass. One warning though, the keyboard does not recognize every chord correctly without the bass root, for example using a G bass with and F chord - but since these are usually passing notes, and the bass dominates the harmony the listener hears- the chord approximation is usually unnoticed. Fingered on bass also allows another unusual option where hitting two notes one octave apart changes to a 'chordless' pattern. This is something which only sounds right in limited situations, but is another trick up your sleeve to break up patterns.
- Many instruments need an element of note bending and sliding for that authentic sound, - guitar, sax, trombone, harmonica, for examples. Set up an expression pedal on pitch bend for live playing of these sounds. The pedal should be set to 2 note range, + polarity and so that full down is full pitch. Then you just back off the pedal a little just as you hit the note and press it down to bend it to full pitch. You can also get a tremolo effect on long notes by moving the pedal up and down, and on sax or harmonica sound it can be effective on long notes to bend the note a little down and back up as it is being held. Use these effects sparingly or it gets to sound a bit cheesy. I know this sounds difficult, but it really isn't for seasoned keyboard players, just a few minutes practice can make it second nature. (Posted by Mike[mikf] on the PSRTutotial forum0 .
The length of the filename must be under 42 characters for it to be displayed.
The PSR/Tyros consist of several midi engines that can play singly or simultaneously: a 16 channel midi song, an 8 channel style, a 4 channel multipad, and a 4 channel keyboard (3 R, 1 L). Each engine has its own setup, for example as defined by midi, styles, multi and voice files respectively.
But there are cases where one engine can be programmed by another. The style file can have an OTS section that, when executed, sets up the keyboard voices. For a midi song file, if it was created by a Quick Record, then it includes a command that indicates the model number and the style (preset only) that is loaded. When this midi is loaded into the same model of instrument, the command changes the style selected. Many midis you play may have the command, but if it was created on a different model, it will not execute. (FYI: The program MidiPlayer always decodes and displays this command in the Instrument-Style box in the upper right hand corner). Midis that are made using MultiRecord most often do not have this command, nor will midis created using a sequencer.
The loaded midi always has the commands that define the voices used in the midi song player. You can see these and how they change by looking at the Control Panel/song page while the midi is playing. In addition, the midi can also have a special command that sets up the keyboard. This is very similar to an OTS setting, but it is imbedded in the midi and is executed when the midi gets to its location. This command is added by the author opening Song Creator/ Channel page/Setup Item and with the keyboard voices checked, clicking Execute. The intention of this command is to allow playing along with the midi and have the right/left voices change automatically at the correct times.
Sometimes this command is included by mistake. Often PSR midi authors use Mixing Console and Song Creator to change the voices in a midi. If the midi is not fully rewound when the Execute is depressed, then one of these commands is inserted at that position (and the voice the author was trying to change is not). It is quite possible that one or more such events might be in a midi by error.
Normal cause of /C regardless of the chord keyed is that the MIDI template is incorrect and has been set to MIDI Pedals.
Go to Function / MIDI and set to All Parts.
<(Steve on yamaha PKOwners forum)
F.59 - NEW! How to select the accompaniment variation from a midi playing in the instrument
Add an ACMP Section command to the midi in MixMaster/List view/Insert PSR Control Commands.
On the T2 or 3000, when a midi song is playing if Play and Forward are pressed together, the measures appear on the screen in big numbers. (from Michael Shaw)
You can use multi pads to send a series of midi commands (e.g. Bank Select and Program Change commands in this example) to a remote device connected via midi.
Make a user multi in Digital Recording/ Multipad Creator / New Bank. In Edit (set Filter to All On) use Step record to add some events and then edit them to be Ctrl 0=0, Ctrl 32= 8 or 113 and prog =1 or 33 to select the voice you need. You might need to have one note event (I did not check this but it is possible). If so set its velocity =0 so it will not sound.
The Multipad midi assignment is made in Function/ Midi/Edit/ Transmit.
To record the fader changes, you have to use Song Creator. The changes are not entered in real time, but the volume will change as the file is played.
Load your song then depress Digital Recording/SongCreator/1-16 page.
Depress Filter and select ALL On. Exit to 1-16 page.
Select a channel (1-16) and then, at the measure location you want to make a change, insert a ctrl event, value = 7 in the next column to the right, followed by the volume amount 0-127 in the next column -
When done adding volume events, Save your midi.
Alternatively, you can use a PC midi editor such as MixMaster/MixerView.
- Enable Right 1 and Left
- Connect Midi Out to Midi In
- In Function/Split Point set Acmp=C1 and Left =C3
- In Function/Midi/Edit/ Receive set Ch1 part = Off and Ch3 Part = Right 1; others can stay as Song
- In Function/Midi/Edit/ Chord Detect set Ch1 part =On
- In Function/Midi/Edit/ System set Local =Off for all Right/Left voices
- Turn Acmp (accompaniment) On using the button on the keyboard
This will direct the Right 1 (Ch 1, right hand) data to the accompaniment section and trigger the current style while the Left data (channel 3, left hand) is used to drive the Right 1. You can change the Right 1 voice and style as you normally would.
If you load and play a song that has XF chords (e.g. the ones in the Preset Area, quick records made on the instrument, XF files downloaded from Yamaha, or standard midi files that have XF Chords added by the program PSRUTI), and P.A.T. is enabled you can play along with the song using the right hand and it will select only the notes that sound well with the song.
E.g. you cannot play a wrong note.
Use the midi channels to send the voice changes for the T2 R1-2-3/L1 keyboard voices. To do so, you will need to change the Function/Midi/AllParts/Edit/Receive for the 4 tracks used in the source from Song ch X to Right 1 etc.
This is not saved automatically with other setup data (e.g. split point).
Go to Function/Midi and Tab to the User area. If there are already are 10 items, delete one you do not use and then depress and save.
In function/Midi/Edit/Transmit, scroll down to the channels you want to inhibit (e.g. channel 9 & 10 for rhythm if you have a live drummer). Set to Off.
To have VH, the XG System must be On. The sysex for this is F0 43 10 4C 00 00 7E 00 F7. It can appear anywhere before the VH command. No channel is required. As this command takes some time to execute in some PSRs, it is best if it is placed in the beginning of the midi. If the midi was made on the PSR, the command is probably already there.
Then use the sysex F0 43 10 4C 04 00 0C 40 F7 to turn the VH on, or F0 43 10 4C 04 00 0C 7F F7 to turn it off. No channel is needed.
To add a sysex using Casm Edit:
- Open the midi and click a line near where you want the sysex.
- Click Insert and select Event Type F0 System Exclusive Event. Place the sysex command after the F0 (e.g. 43 10 4C 04 00 0C 40 F7 ) in Hex Data then click OK.
- You can adjust the position in time by double clicking the MBT setting of the line and changing the time in ticks
There are two ways:
- Create a Custom Voice from sample data that has waveforms for each drum instrument on a single note
- Use the Tyros PC Voice Editor software that came with your instrument to edit one of the preset drum voices or a custom drum voice.
F.74 - How many files can you have on a USB flash drive
In the root drive, the limit is 70, even if it is a hard drive with 160 Gig. But you can have 200 sub-folders in each of those 70. It is a limitation imposed by the keyboard operating system.
(Bill G on PsrTutorial forum)
You can do this in the Mixing Console/Song Pages.
You can disable the midi out with one button depress by setting up a registration with the keyboard as normal (call it ON).
Then make a registration with all Channel On-Offs set to Off, and R1-3 & L1 turned Off using the Voice buttons(call it OFF).
When you want to disable the T2's midi output, depress the OFF, and use ON to turn it on.
Multiselect can be used to edit groups of consecutive events, as stated in the owner's manual. The problem is the manual does not explain how to do it!
This is the method I use...
- I Select the list of consecutive events I want to edit, using multiselect.
- The last event selected (top or bottom of the group) will have a particular item highlighted.
- If this is not the variable I want to edit, I use the left / right buttons until the relevant variable is highlighted.
- I then change the variable by the required amount.
- Then, if the top member of the list is highlighted, I press the up button. If the lowest member is highlighted I press the down arrow.
- The change is then applied to each event in the selected group.
(There may well be other ways of achieving the same effect but this is the way I have found works for me!)
To make all values the same, the only way I have found is to first increase / decrease them to 127 / 0,
So if for example you want to make the velocity of a group of events the same...
- ...select the group, highlight the lowest velocity in the group and increase this to 127. (or take the highest and reduce it to 0).
- press the up or down button as described above.
- All events in the group will now have the same velocity (0 or 127).
- Reselecting the group and changing the velocity by the required amount will achieve your goal.
(drh on YamahPkowners forum)
- Load the song and play a little of it to be sure it is the one you want to modify.
- Press the "Digital Recording" button and then "Song Creator" button [A]
- Under the "rec mode" tab, you will see "rec start". Set this to "Punch in at......"where you want to end the song. Set "rec end" to "replace all"
- Press the "fast forward >>" button until you get to the bar where you want the song to finish
- Press "REC" only and all 16 channels should already be set to REC - If not set to REC.
- Press "Play" and then "Stop" IMMEDIATELY afterwards.
- Save the song to make the changes permanent.
This way you never have to leave the Song Creator window until you are finished with the changes.
(Bill on PSRTutorial)
Make up Reg Bank/s with your favorite voices, Put a style you would not normally use, into the User. If fussy, rename it ZZZZZ or something stupid.
With Left Voice on, and Hold, Link the Bank/s to this style, then delete the style. Use the Bank/s with any style, OTS Off!!
Left will always be on, switch Variations, even style, all OK.
(Walter On svpworld forum)
The devices use various audio formats. Later instruments can play these if they are converted to wave or MP3 format..
For all instruments you can connect the headphone output of a CD player or Ipod into the LineIn/mic input.
The MixMaster/Step Record View can do this.See:
|PSR Parameters||Setting are saved in:|
|Foot pedal parameters||Registrations, except polarity is in Setup<|
|Harmony parameters||On-off in registrations and Ots|
Letter designation in files:
Hard Drive Partitions: E to H
USB Stick: I
Lyrics can be in either midi lyric or midi text format. When in Text Display, select between Lyrics and Text at bottom left of the display to see if they show up.
(Bill G on PSRTutorial)
Many users create a startup registration that they run immediate after power on to set the instrument into known state.
Use a grounded to two prong adopter to reverse the polarity.
The T3 gives you a choice of compressor types, e.g. Basic, TRS, Live , etc. Each of these choices sets some parameters internally. The controls allow you to modify the Threshold, Ratio and Gain over a +- range from the undisclosed settings that are built in.
- You must be sure to turn the CMP switch "on" using button G.
- Set you Master Volume to a comfortable listening level, select any style you like, and then start it playing.
- After that, you must then go in to the controls on the bottom of the screen.
- Start with the "Threshold Offset" control and try -10 first. You should then begin to see the top meter called "Gain Reduction" beginning to show a little green bar appearing at the right of the meter screen. If you do not see the little green bar appearing, there is no compressor effect and you should then try Threshold Offset -20.
- If the green meter bar is appearing on the left, then adjust Ratio Offset to +3 or +4 , whatever it takes for the softest sounds of the style to become more pronounced, louder and easier to hear. Once you achieve than, go to step 6.
- Use the Gain Offset control and turn it up or down to assure the overall volume of the keyboard is maintained at that comfortable listening level you selected in step 2. The keyboard should not sound a lot louder. Of course, if you dial up the Gain Offset, this functions as another volume control, making the whole thing sound louder.
(from Steve Deming, Yamaha, and submitted by Tom G to PSRTutorial Forum)
Note: Complex settings may not be needed and you should try the built in settings first:
For example, if using the Tyros 3 speakers, select type TRS-MS02 and increase the Total Gain Adjust + 6 clicks. For CMP, set type to TRS- MS02 and Threshold = -1, Offset =-1 and Gain +4.
- Unplug fc-7 (if used)
- Disable mfc-10 if vol ped is used for any volumes (if you have a mfc-10)
- Set master keyboard vol knob to 12 O"clock
- Turn ty3 on
- Leave in this start up mode (should have a Concert Grand on full board)
- (I think Yamaha has adjusted to the best piano sound it can muster then adjusted all the other voices to these settings, so when the grand is at it's best, all other voice's fall in place.
- Press mixing console button pan to EQ
- Select flat then "F" button to edit
- Set the eq's 1-5 one at a time by using your ear for the best sound from the low to the high end of a piano by running the controls up and down until you get the best sound you can find.
- I beat 2 notes together (as a piano tuner does when voiceing a acoustic) ie: C-E - D-F E-G with a occasional C to C at the bottom and a twinkle at the top (using the octave button), but rely mostly on the center of the board, this is most important. (Use a good strike and let'em ring out while adjusting)
- You might start at sets (5 3 - 5 - 6 3) - or just use flat (remember each sound system is going to affect what you hear)
- Once you get it to what sounds best your ready for the next step (remember this is not the finished product, so it's not perfect yet, just get as close as you can.
- Q's and Freq Setting
- Now you can sweeten up your settings and bring the sound to life with these settings. The way this seems to work is (adding one click up individually doing one at a time to Eq's 1 thru 6 allows settings to Q and freq. to be made.). So take eq #1 one click up then adjust Q and Freq to the most alive and realistic sound in this particular range. When satisfied take the next EQ up one click and adjust it likewise continue thru all 5.
- Here's what mine are as of this date
- Adjusting the Vol. and saving
- Now adjust the total gain adj. (lower right of screen) to a tad louder than what you need in your music room (or going to need for performing). It should be close without adjustment.
- To save: Press Store 1 or 2 name and save-- save
- The new compressor How To's
- Pan to cmp
- Press button "G" (LIGHT IT UP)
- Pan up or down to Live (or your choice)
- Set the Threshold offset to -12
- Ratio - -2
- Gain offset - +2/+4 Watch for the red a bit is okay but keep it low (This is another Vol set here). The top gain monitor should show about 1 half inch of green on the right end of the scale (green)
- Save to user 1 Name and save
(Pose on Yamaha PKOwners Forum) - - -
The voice itself has a lower reverb setting than almost any OTS, i.e 26 whereas most OTS have it at 30-32, sometimes 36 -40.
The Reverb type is not determined by OTS, only the level is set.
The Function/Utility/ Reset/ Factory system reset does not change the default reverb.
The default reverb type seems to be selected by the style.
Powering up does get you back to an initial condition. This could be a problem. If you have been playing a rock style and the decide to do a dreamy ballad that calls for lots of ambient reverb without changing the style, the reverb type selected might not be the right one. It appears that unless you check the Mixing Console/ Panel /Effects/ you will not know what you may be using.
If a hub is connected to the front USB post, the back port becomes inoperable.
Plugging in devices such as a USB light or fan (that do not have data) will operate OK but prevent the other port from recognizing memory devices. Switching the unit off and then on will return it to normal.
(Pam and Neville on Yamaha PKOwners forum)
Go to your Midi songs. Create a folder (lower 7 on T3) and give it a name "Playlist"
Select first song....edit name by putting an A in front of it. Copy and paste to folder. Next song.....give it a B ....copy and paste. So on until enough songs in playlist.
When ready to play songs go to Function.....song settings....G to All and H to All.
Go to first song in folder, highlight and play......it will play through the list until stopped.
You can just put them in a folder without any order or select random play if you wish.
(from Neville on Yamaha PKOwners forum)
The T3 is able to display text, with chords and lyrics, and they do not have to be associated with a midi file. This allows creating a "PSR fake book".
To test it (and being too lazy to type in lyrics and chords), I took a midi file that I got off the net that had lyrics, and opened it in PSRUTI, clicked Compute Chords, selected the channel with the highest number and OK. This added XF chords to the midi that already has lyric events.
I saved this file and opened it in MidiPlayer, clicked View Chords and then the Lyrics button. This made a display of both. I did a SaveAsText file from this View. This gave me a text file that looks like the display in MidiPlayer.
I then went to the T3, depressed the Lyrics/ Text button under the song controls, and loaded the file using the Text File screen button.
To change Font, depress the third button from the left. To scroll the page, use the > at the top right corner.
Back to top....
To play a CD file, first convert it to .wav format. Then put it on a media stick, and in the HD section, press Select.
On the screen, press Change Menu and Wave Import, then go to the USB and select your file.
You could also transfer the file to the hard disk using Storage Mode and import it from there.
A Registration will store/recall your Text file and an Audio file if they are saved on the HD.
Be sure to depress the Memory button and make sure HDR and Text are checked.
The files names that are saved are those in the Text File and Audio File locations.
Create your txt file - save to USB stick - insert into T3.
Press Lyrics/Text button then tab to USB, where any txt files will be shown.
Press copy - select txt file - then tab to HD and save into a folder. If you intend to use a lot of txt files (e.g. words or words and chord symbols to songs) then create a folder on your HD called 'Words' with sub folders perhaps alphabetically.
Select your registration bank (from the HD) and press the 1st registration button. Then press Lyrics/Text button and tab to the saved txt file on your HD.
Save the 1st registration button. If you have used more than one registration button for your tune, clear the txt file before saving any subsequent buttons. This allows you to 'turn' pages without the first page being brought up again, when you press the other registration button.
(from John on YamahaPKOwners forum)
Up to Tyros 2 at least the keyboard doesn't manage file dates.
This can have unexpected results if you use any normal program to back up your style, reg or other files in HD transfer mode from the keyboard, because most of these programs assume that the version of a file is indicated by it's date/time stamp.
Example: you set a Reg File on your PC, transfer it to your keyboard, find there is something additional needing change, save the changed Reg File on your keyboard, copy the Reg File back to your PC - Any normal backup program now sees two file versions: the one initially created on the PC dated with the PC date/time stamp, and the one corrected by the keyboard which, for some reason on my Tyros 2, shows 01/01/2005 01:00.
Your backup program when it does a synchronization between the two drives will think that the newer version created on the keyboard is older than the one on your PC drive, so replace it - That is not what you want!
(from John on Yamaha PKOwners forum)
The Panel voice is defined by a voice file that is a midi file that has commands that specifies the basic sample plus DSP, EQ etc. Voice files are 'run' by selecting the voice using the R1 buttons. You can view this voice file by selecting a voice and then saving it to USB and examining it in a midi editor such as MixMaster.
An OTS setup saves similar information but it may not be the same. The OTS is a snapshot of the keyboard (R1 R2 L settings etc) at the time that the OTS was stored. Any changes made to DSP etc that were done after the voice file was run will be included. This information is saved in a section of a style, and it in turn is 'run' when the OTS button is depressed or Auto Link is On and a style variation is selected.
When AutoLink is enabled and style is selected manually, the current variation button (Main B etc) determines which OTS is selected. When AutoLink is on and a style is selected via music finder, the variation selected by the Section setting of the entry determines the OTS.
I do not know exactly when the arranger records the keyboard setting when in record, i.e. when a button is pushed or when recording starts, but either way, it is the current settings, determined by the last panel or OTS selected. Normally, the DSP used in recording is included in the midi.
An exception to this is where you make a MultiRecord where you exceed the number of available DSPs on your instrument.
Distortion while playing is usually initiated by:
Loading midi files that were designed for sound cards.
Using a registration that was developed on another keyboard and translated.
Playing a midi file that has unusual keyboard settings in the file.
Playing the instrument after playing a file from a sequencer that might leave it in an unanticipated state.
The modulation wheel is not at the minimum level.
All causes, except the modulation wheel, may be corrected by a system setup reset (Hold down the rightmost white key while turning on the power... hold until the message appears).
If a system reset does not work, then check the modulation wheel, remove all midi inputs and outputs, remove all pedals, and repeat the reset.
Yamaha arrangers have very quick-acting chord recognition. Think of it like a hair-trigger. Yammies begin resolving the chord as soon as you press a key, and will actually sound the chord within 10 milliseconds (0.010 seconds).
Now here is the problem with that: In any chord fingering mode EXCEPT Fingered, pressing only one or two keys in the chord recognition area will cause a chord to be recognized and sounded. But if you intended to play a 3-note chord and don't get all three notes down within .01 seconds of each other, you will actually hear TWO chords. The first one is a false chord based on the first note (or two notes). The second one is your intended chord based on all 3 notes, including the key you pressed a fraction of a second later. Yamaha has a great trick; they use the XG portamento control to "bend" the tones in the first chord until they match the intended chord. This happens quickly, and makes things very forgiving if you are a little late on the beat when a style is running. But the pitch bend is quite noticeable, especially when you are playing a left-hand voice rich in harmonics.
What I am describing is easily proved because when it occurs, it will impart false notes (or even false chords) into the score viewer. Try a quick record at a tempo > 200 bpm. Use AI Fingered, and quickly alternate back and forth between C major (G2+C3+E3) and E-flat 6th (Eb2+Bb2+C3). Then slow the tempo to about 50 for playback. Watch the chord display on the main screen fumble around as it interprets the keys you pressed. Then look at the score or track data and you will find dissonant notes of a very short duration corresponding to the unintended chords.
There are some things you can do to minimize this problem:
- Play in Fingered mode, or Fingered On Bass. These modes require at least 3 notes to signal a chord.
- Make sure you lift between chord changes. If you press new note(s) before you release all of the old ones, you may signal an unintended chord.
- Press the keys firmly and quickly. (This is more difficult on the PSRs because there is no tactile cue when the key makes contact, i.e., spongy, soft bottom.)
- Get the bass note / root down first. If it reads the third before the bass, it will resound the bass note with a noticeable pitch bend.
- Reduce the brightness and resonance of the left-hand (chord) part to make the harmonics associated with the false tones less noticeable.
- Leave the mod wheel all the way off (same reason as above).
- Choose a "dark" voice for the left part (same reason as above). Unfortunately many "good" voices are not usable.
- Increase the attack time or delay of the left-hand voice. The false notes will die away before they ever reach an audible volume. You sacrifice some expressiveness and "punch" from your LH.
- If you are making a professional recording, step record your chords in advance.
(from Ted S.)
Check what the Fingering is set at. (Direct Access followed by the ACMP button)
If it's set to a Full keyboard mode by mistake the R1 & 2 right hand voices will continue to sound down into the left side and become a growl. As you've found out this can be prevented by putting the Left voice on, but the better solution is usually to select Fingered or AIFingered mode.
(from John on Yamaha PKOwners forum)
A registration is a snapshot of most of the instrument (but not midi setup and some system setup items), whereas OTS concerns itself with voices.
You can see the specifics in the Parameter Chart in the Data manual. Some examples of what is in a Reg but not in OTS:
- Channel On-Off
- Text file in score display
- Style settings(e.g. style touch on)
- Split point
- Chord fingering
- Initial touch On-Off
- Panel Sustain
- Mic setup
- VH setup
- Style/Song Volumes
- Non R/L Pan, Brightness, Harmonic, EQ settings
- Non R/L DSP-Effect settings
- Foot Padal
Freeze lets you select groups of parameters that, if they are stored in a registration (as determined by the check boxes that appear when you depress the Memory button), then they will NOT be changed when a registration is loaded.
The Freeze settings are accessible via the Function button.
Depress Function/Utility/Reset Tab /MusicFinder Files/ and tab to the hard drive and look in the folder Downloads/001.
In the Tyros, the metronome can be assigned to a sub out on Mixing Console/Line out page.
This is an audio output and you might have to buffer it for use with headphones.
You can now update your keyboard by using the internet button on your Keyboard.
When connected, Press Help/Legal then press Check for updates and then follow the instructions.
(from Eileen on PkOwners)
To record while playing a midi in P.A.T. mode, use multi track recording.
- Load the midi and use the light flashing in Channel On-Off to find an empty track.
- Depress Rec and while holding it, select the channel on the screen. It should say Rec. While holding there should be a popup menu of what to record. Select Right 1 etc.
- Press Play and record your part. When done, depress Stop. To save, depress Rec and Stop and it should prompt you to save, or select Digital Recording/Song Creator and depress Save.
Use Text Formatter available at:
It is recommended that you pass the file through the File Converter, if available for your instrument. It will address issues of voices being renamed etc.
Regardless, you should check your files before. For instance, while the converter does many things, it does not convert the effects of the OTS voices to those of the later instruments.
To do that, select and OTS, then reselect the voice using the normal method and save the OTS by Holding Rec and depressing the OTS button.
The T3 also has new (and better) effects (e.g. the Ballad reverb) that the converter many not select. Use the Mixing Console to select the new effects.
MP3 files first must be converted to WAV files. Programs such as Switch Sound File Converter will do this. Select the WAV format 44.1 KB, 16 bit stereo.
Copy a converted file to the USB memory stick and insert it into the keyboard. Press Select in the Audio Recorder section, then press Import, Tab to the USB, select the song and depress OK. If you do not see Import at the bottom of the screen, press Change Menu.
Depress Mixing Console until it displays the Panel Page, and tab to Tune. Select the Octave button then use the button below the voice to change the value.
Change the track to one of the 9 through 16 channels while you looking at the display in Score view.
You have the press the number (*) button and then over on the right side you will see for left and right the channels you can select.
All style notes will be on channels 9 through 16 "ONLY" -
(From Bill Grosse)
After multiple takes, the PSR reports memory full.
Neville on yamahapkowner.com responded "After a take that you are not happy with, are you pressing Record and Stop together This brings up a window asking if you want to save it. You then say NO which empties the midi recording area and you can start again."
It appears that without doing a Rec +Stop, the memory area is not cleared.
Here are some instructions that were given to me by Eileen Lowrey.
- First record your song to MIDI. Then you can check all the balances via the mixing console and save them.
- Now you can play it into the Hard Disc Recorder. What I do is Select New Audio & name the song. Now push the settings button. Page One Record Mode and put it to " NORMAL RECORD ".
- Scroll to next page where you will see the balance control. You can now push play on the MIDI recorder and as the song plays watch the balance, Keep it below the RED. If it is too loud you can either drop the song volume which is usually 100. If is still peeking you can adjust the volume on the Hard Disk.
- When you are happy with it you can now record. Bring your recording back to the beginning. Now on the Hard Disk Recorder Press "PLAY/Pause", Count One,Two,Three, then push "Play/Pause" on the MIDI Recorder. The song is now recording.
- When finished push "STOP". You can now play and listen to your recording, if you are happy with it press save.
(from Matrix on PSRTutorial)
Midi = a song. It has up to 16 different instruments. If made using a style on the Tyros, 8 of these instruments are created by the style.
Style = a special type of midi file that responds to chords played with the left hand. Called accompaniment, it is like having a band to play along with.
Registration = snapshot of the instrument settings when you create the registration. Eight registrations are grouped into a bank and the bank may be saved.
Voice = special type of midi file that edits the voices stored in the Tyros RAM.
Pad = special type of midi file that plays a a patter when initiated. The pattern may play once or repeat. These are grouped in banks of four.
OTS = the right hand voice setting that are saved as part of a style. If OTS link button is On, then when the style section (Main A, Ending C, etc) is changed, the voices are automatically changed by the ITS.
Musicfinder = a listing of up to 2500 song names and recommended styles, tempo, starting section. The tyros comes with encrypted names but you can get a corrected file off the web site.
Midi Setup and Effect files = specialized files that can store custom user settings for these facilities.
OS = the operating system of the instrument. These are occasionally updated by Yamaha.
Make sure you adjust the input level of the mic on the back of the tyros 3. Then, adjust the mic level on the left hand top of the keyboard. (H)
In Mic Settings have Keyboard set to Lower, Mode on Auto, Balance at around Ten O'clock, volume at 127.
Also, check in mixing console Effects. Set Mic to reverb Hall 2 at about 40. Have the trim at the back just under half way. I use a Shure SM58 and it works well with these settings. (E)
From Hammer (H) and Eileen (E) on PsrTutorial
When you use the Chord Only setting is only generates a right hand chord when you play one of the notes in that chord.
For instance if you are playing a C chord in your left hand, then the right hand chords will only play on C E and G. All other notes will not produce a chord.
This can be quite effective in certain songs and gives you breaks such as players who finger the right hand chords achieve.
(From Eileen on Yamaha PKOwners forum)
Press the Function/Utility, then tab to Owner. Hold down on the "I" button next to Owner Name and the operating system version number will appear on the screen.
Make a folder on your Hard drive. Go to your user section where your files are. Press COPY and then ALL and then OK.
Now tab to your hard drive find the folder you made. Open it and then press Paste.
(From Eileen on PKOwners forum)
There are two different kinds of transposition, depending on whether one is measuring intervals according to the chromatic scale or some other scale.
In chromatic transposition one shifts every pitch in a collection of notes by a fixed number of semitones. For instance, if one transposes the pitches C4-E4-G4 upwards by four semitones, one obtains the pitches E4-G4-B4.
In scalar transposition, sometimes called diatonic transposition, one shifts every pitch in a collection by a fixed number of scale steps relative to some scale. For example, if one transposes the pitches C4-E4-G4 up by two steps relative to the familiar C major scale, one obtains the pitches E4-G4-B4. If one transposes the same pitches up by two steps relative to the F major scale, one obtains instead E4-G4-B♭4
(From Jim in PKOwners forum)
Yes, if you use MidiA in from USB and Midi B in from the midi connector.
Control events are found in all midi based files, and in the PSR/Tyros can be edited in any of the "Creator Program" using the Edit tab. They are assigned to individual midi channels, and as with note events, can be executed at any time and will take effect immediately.
32-Bank Select Lsb; Used to voice selection
0-Bank Select Msb: Used in voice selection
93-Chorus Send Level; determines the amount of Chorus effect
7- Main Volume; controls the channel's output volume
10-Panpot; determines the position in the stereo field
91-Reverb Send Level; determines the amount of Reverb effect
94-Variation Send Level; determines the amount of DSP1 effect; used most often in styles
A caution from John Vernon regarding volume control codes in non PSR midis: Some commercial midi files and/or GM sound devices used cc11 not cc7 to control volume. If you find that cc7s are not having the desired effect or that there are undesirable volume changes without any visible cc7s, look for cc11s.
Here is my advice on settings.
Single finger - a very simple method for learners. If you know how to play at least 3 finger chords ignore this.
Multi fingered - can recognize both fingered (below) and single fingered, so a good choice for medium level players who may still not be absolutely confident in the LH chording.
Fingered - the standard method where the keyboard plays the chord you play. The more notes you play the more sophisticated the chord recognition. This method is best for pretty good players who play the LH chords quite well. It will play the chord on root no matter which order you play the voices (see below).
AI Fingered (Artificial Intelligence Fingered) - will respond to less than 3 notes and use Artificial Intelligence to try to pick the right chord based on what has been played already i.e. it guesses the chord sequence. It doesn't always get it right, but quite a good method for the player who has not yet got full confidence in chording.
Fingered on bass - gives control not just of the chord but the inversion. Basically the above chords will always put the bass on the root (1st inversion) but this setting will reproduce the inversion you play. So generally this is a more sophisticated method for good players who are confident in their chording and want to play bass runs, chord inversions and sophisticated chords.
All of the above methods work below the split point only, so they are not affected by what you play in your RH above the split.
Full Keyboard - now the keyboard will respond to all the notes played on the keyboard to select chords for accompaniment. This is the best setting for good piano players whose chording is often controlled by both hands on the keyboard.
AI Full keyboard - now the AI also uses RH notes and past chord sequence to estimate the chord. Quite good for medium level players playing piano across the whole keyboard.
(From Mikf on PSRTutorial)
Just press the variation key you were in. The ending may still finish the bar it is in before the variation picks back up.
(From Bill G on PSRTutorial)
The OTS should be turned off and one touch settings should not be used. Only voices that come direct from the R-L voice section. Piano works the best. Set Function/StyleSetting/Chord Fingering to Full Keyboard.
(From Greg on PSRTutorial)
If you select a file type(e.g. Styles) and then insert the USB memory, The USB tab does not automatically appear at the top of the screen. To fix, depress Exit and the style button again.
Press VIEW (over the top of FOLDER - and I imagine it's the same on all PSR/Tyros models) to get into the extended view mode where you can see much more of the file name and about a dozen + of them at a time.
(From John Vernon on PKOwners forum)
Apparently, if another device is connected and by coincidence uses the same drive letter, the latter can end up being "lost" and no longer assigned to the HD. So although the Mass Storage Device is working OK, you can't access it in Win Explorer.
My solution:Open Control Panel. Go through Administrative Tools to Computer Management. Under Storage, click on Disk Management. Locate the USB drive and assign a drive letter to it by right clicking. Choose a letter that is not in use or likely to be in use in the future (e.g. T)
(From John V on PSR Tutorial)
In the Simple Record, the T4 saves the song as a .wav file. To move it to the USB, depress the Select to get to the Simple Screen, select the file, depress copy then move to the USB and Paste.
F.139 - How to return to the main instrument screen
Depress Direct Access and Next together.
When auto accompaniment is turned on and Synchro Start is off, you can play chords in the left-hand (accompaniment) section of the keyboard with the style stopped, and still hear the accompaniment chord. In this condition—called "Stop Accompaniment"—any valid chord fingerings are recognized and the chord root/type are shown in the LCD. Since the instrument properly recognizes the chord, you can also use the Chord Match function with the Multi Pads or the Harmony effect without having to play back a style.
From the Function/StyleSettings screen you can determine whether the chord played in the chord section will sound or not in the Stop Accompaniment status.
- OFF - The chord played in the chord section will not sound.
- STYLE - The chord played in the chord section will sound via the voices for the Pad part and the Bass channel of the selected style.
- FIXED - The chord played in the chord section will sound via the certain voice regardless of the selected style.
You most probably have used a Mega Voice. In Mega Voices notes above C6 are not "real" notes, but more like "effect" notes: strum, fret noise, click etc.
If this is the case you have to select a not Mega Voice to avoid this problem.
(From Jorgen on PSRTutorial)
The picture must be 320 X 240 Bit Map (BMP).
(From Bill Grosse on PSRTutorial)
Up to two USB storage devices can be connected to the[USB TO DEVICE] terminal. (If necessary, use a USB hub. The number of USB storage devices that can be used simultaneously with musical instruments even when a USB hub is used is a maximum of two.) The instrument can recognize up to four drives in one USB storage device.
(From Tyros 4 manual)
After connecting the USB to the instrument, depress Exit to get back to the main screen and then select the file type (styles, midi, pad) that you are interested in. The files should now display.
Check the Mixing Console/ CMP tab and make sure the master compressor is switched off.
(Derek on milesmusic group)
To save the current System Setup file, go to Function/Utility/System Reset Tab and click the System Setup button (F).
Tab to User and depress Save to a new Name (e.g. My Setup).
When you need it (after a system setup reset), go to Function/Utility/System Reset Tab and click the System Setup button (F) and then Tab to User and select My Setup.
Work-Around: On my T4, I found that I had the behavior of the tempo of both the style and the midi moving togehter whenever I saved a registration with the Sync Start button NOT On. Therefore, before making a registration, insure the Synch Start is On.
Fix: I also found that I could fix and existing registration by depressing the registration, setting the Sync Start button to On, - making sure the midi and style tempos were where I wanted, and holding Memory while depressing the Reg button to write over the existing registration. (unknown)
For instance, select a MIDI Song and open up the Digital Recording and select SongCreator.
Go to any channel with Data.
Press and hold Multi Select button and scroll down the data with downward arrow button. Multiple data lines are selected.
If you want to save the style and midi tracks for backing, you can make a pad with a hi hat (or other instrument) do this.
A multipad will track the tempo of the loaded style, and you can assign the pad to a sub out in the Mixing Console/Line Out page so it will only be available to the drummer. You will need a line out to headphone amp, perhaps: http://www.sweetwater.com/store/detail/HA400/.
You can create the pad by adding a click track MIXMASTER. Load the Pad Template.pad from the template folder, open NoteView and Insert/Click Track to the channel where you want the track (pad 1 = ch 1). Then and change the voice to a drum voice or other appropriate instrument.
On the Tyros, Portamento has always been enabled on normal voices when set to mono, but it's only audible once the Portamento Time has been set long enough to become noticeable.
How obvious it becomes also depends on the changing note intervals used (eg. when playing a melody) so it can be quite a variable effect with normal (mono) playing and can sound a bit wayward.
The greater the interval the longer it takes for the frequency to change from the current note to that of a subsequent note.
If the voice is switched back to Poly, Portamento is off.
Fulltime Portamento acts even when you hit the keys staccato. But the Fingered Portamento works only when you play smoothly and legato. (Pianist)
If your instrument supports audio recording, simply turn on the audio recorder and then play your midi song file. It will be recorded as a WAV file. When the midi is done playing, turn off the audio recorder.
Your owner's manual and reference manual provide instructions on how to do that.
Also, here's the link to the PSR Tutorial lesson on how to do record MIDI to WAV on the T3. It's basically the same for the S710.
Because there is no hard disk in the S710, the WAV file in this instrument must be recorded to a USB thumb drive.
In Voice Creator on the PC, depress the blue El1 button and then drag the filled in box on the Note Limit axis in the OSC section to the right.
You will need to do this for all the elements if there is more than one.
Make a midi file with the sysex F0 43 73 01 51 09 00 00 00 F7 followed by either
F0 43 73 01 51 09 00 02 01 02 F7 to save the image to the Tyros's hard disk or F0 43 73 01 51 09 00 02 01 04 F7 to save it to a USB stick.
This file can be made on MixMaster and played using MidiPlayer via the USB connection to the PC. It does not work by loading into and playing from the board's Song Player.
The images copied from the T4 are color at 640 x 480 resolution, in bitmap (.BMP) format, and are about 900 KB each.
The image files are named CAPTnnnn.BMP where nnnn is an incrementing number. They all have the same date/time stamp.
Go to Function / Utility / Config 1
You can set the following:
- Fade In Time
- Fade Out Time
- Fade Out Hold Time (When the fadeout has reach zero volume... this parameter determines how long Volume = Zero is held before returning to normal volume levels again)
- Create the file on your PC using Notepad (or the Mac equivalent).
- Transfer the file to your keyboard.
- Load the registration you want to use.
- Press the Lyrics/Text button. Ensure that "LYRICS" is displayed on the lower left (when you see "Lyrics" it means you are displaying a text file. I can explain only what, not why). If it says "TEXT", press the 1 button to switch.
- Press the 5 button labelled "Text File". Navigate to the file you transferred in.
- After you select the file, it should be displayed on your screen.
- Press the 3 button to change fonts or text size.
- Memorize the registration that's to hold this text file. Make sure the Text box is checked.
The problem is fragmentation on the USB memory stick.
The solution is simple, just defragment the USB drive. Just plug the drive into the PC and defragment it.