Styles #7 - Song-Styles

Contents

Most styles in this collection are drawn from earlier releases; 400 are entirely new. All style names have been standardized.

The full collection includes 10,306 styles, thousands of MFD records and several essential utilities and requires 365 MB of disk space. The zipped download option uses 11 files and requires 129 MB of disk space.

This collection includes, of course, styles, approximately 10,306 styles, all of which are named after particular songs. You can load one of these styles and use it to play that particular song. You could also use a MusicFinder database, select a song from the database, and the database would load one of your preset internal styles to play that song. So, a separate section of MusicFinder Databases is also included. Some players use registrations to play their songs. I also include a limited set of registrations that illustrate how they are used to set up your keyboard and play a particular song. Finally, there are several useful utility programs included in this collection that will help you with organizing or adjusting your styles and MusicFinder databases. I'll discuss each of the major components in turn.

Styles

The previous style collections were compiled by carefully checking and removing any styles that were exact duplicates of styles included in earlier collections. With this scheme, the latest style collection introduced only "new" styles. But the styles were only "new" if the purchaser already owned all the previous style collections. New users just discovering the PSR Tutorial, most often order only the most recent style collection and, therefore, miss out on thousands of excellent styles released in earlier collections.

This latest style collection is unlike all the others. In the first place, it is composed entirely of "song-styles". These are styles that have been tuned to go well with a particular song and the style name reflects the song. Many of these are found in the Styles>Gig Disks section. Song-Styles can also be found in the various style collections found in the Styles>Collections section.

A second difference is that this collection is composed mostly of styles that have appeared in one of the earlier PSR Tutorial style collections. All the song-styles from all the earlier style collections have been combined and are included in this collection. There are 10,306 styles in this collection. 86% of the styles include OTS. 86% are in the earlier SFF1 style format. 1,483 styles are in the newer SFF2 format. These styles will only load on the Tyros3/4/5 keyboards or on the PSR-S910/S950 family of keyboards. These newer keyboards can also play all the earlier SFF1 styles.

Style Organization. The 10,300 styles in this collection are organized alphabetically in three broad categories.

  • Christmas styles are in the "_Christmas" folder, which has three sub-folders: "A-H", "I-O", and "R-Y". There are nearly 500 Christmas song-styles.
  • Songs with European titles (German, Dutch, French, etc) are included in a folder labeled "_European" that has 7 subfolders: "A-C", "D-F", "G-K", "L", "M-N", "O-S", and "T-Z". There are over 1,000 styles in this category.
  • 8,800 styles have English song titles and these are grouped into eight folders: "A-B", "C-D", "E-H", "I-K", "L-M", "N-R", "S-T", and "U-Z". There are approximately 1,000 styles in each of these folders, so of course there are additional subfolders. For example, if you opened up the "A-B" folder, you would find 10 sub-folders: "AB-AI", "AL", "AM", "AN", "AP-AX", "BA", "BE-BI", "BL", "BO", and "BR-BY". Open any of these folder and you find the relevant song-styles. Since the keyboards are limited in how many files can be in a folder, I tried to keep the number of styles in the sub-folders below 180.

Style Naming Convention. If a style is tuned for a song, it does the user no good if the song name is not recognizable. So, I have edited all the style names to reflect, as best I could, the actual song name. In many cases, I had to do a Google search with partial information to identify the actual song title. In addition to identifying the song title, I included information about the tempo of that style as well as the contributor who used that style in their gig set ups. For example, a style for Mack The Knife with a tempo of 164 from Gary Diamond would have a style name of "Mack TheKnife 164-gd.STY".

MusicFinder Databases

You will find MusicFinder Databases in the folder "MusicFinder DBs". They are provided in three subfolders: "Yamaha IDC", "Fakebook MFDs", and "MFD Library".

Yamaha IDC. Your keyboard includes a MusicFinder Database. Yamaha has also provided various MusicFinder records and collections of records from their Internet Direct Connection (IDC). The songs in these collections are organized by type, for example, Bacharach, Beatles, Carpenters, etc. Load up the Beatles MFD file, and you will find 25 records for Beatles songs.

MFD Library. In addition to the collections above, Yamaha provided additional MFD individual records that users could download. There were also MFD records from the various preset MFDs available on all the Yamaha arranger keyboards. Finally, records were created by examining the midi files provided by the PSR Performers. By putting all of this together, I created an MFD Library with 6,700 records. This massive library is provided in three separate MFD files: A-H 2485.MFD, I-R 2345.MFD, and S-Z+ 1891.MFD. These will load into a Tyros4. Michael's MusicFinderView can also load these databases and convert them for use in your particular keyboard. For a discussion on using IDC records in your keyboard, see the lesson on MFD for the T4.

FakeBook MFDs. If you play from a fake book, you may want an MFD that mirrors the songs in your fake book. I used the information from the MFD Library to extract records for individual fake books. I then expanded the fakebook collection to include records for all the remaining songs in the book. For each of these a default tempo and style was selected. I did this 50 different fake books. All of these fakebook MFDs are included. For a complete discussion on how these MFDs were created, see the lesson on Fake Book MFDs.

Registration

Registrations are keyboard specific. Registration utilities are emerging that may allow conversions of registrations so they can be used on other Yamaha keyboards. I have included a number of registration files in this collection. These registration files were drawn from the Registrations section of the main site. There are registration files discussed there for the PSR3000, the PSR2000, The Tyros1/2/3 models and the PSR-S910. Refer to those pages for documentation. The registration files themselves are all included in the "Registrations" folder.

Utilities

While it is possible to edit a filename using the Yamaha keyboard, I did all of my editing on a computer. And this task, which actually took months, could not have been accomplished with the assistance of some key utility programs, many of which are included in this collection.

PSR Style Database. Peter Wierzba's PSR Style and Midi Database was critical in helping to select files and determine style characteristics. The program can read all the files in a folder and included sub-folders. It shows the user the user a variety of style characteristics, such as filename, style name, style genre, tempo, number of variations, whether it has OTS or not, style format, style size, and more. It also can easily identify identical styles no matter what they may be named. It can also move selected files from the scanned folder(s) to another place. This allowed me to identify files that were exact duplicates and eliminate them from the collection.

The PSR Style database showed each styles tempo. I was able to use this information to add the tempo to the filename. Unfortunately, this had to be done individually for all 10,000 styles. The database also identified the original style name that, in some cases, included information about the artist. This was helpful in doing Google searches to determine the correct song title for many of the styles.

This program will show you the style file format. If you have a Yamaha keyboard that does not support the SFF2 format styles, you could use the PSR Style Database to select only styles that use the SFF2 format and then move those styles to a different folder. You can make yourself an SFF2 folder and then fill it with the SFF2 styles. This would remove them from the collection and yet preserve them for you if you ever upgraded to one of the newer keyboards.

MidiPlayer. Michael Bedesem's MidiPlayer was essential in adjusting the volume for styles that were set far higher than the Yamaha standard volume. In testing out this collection, I would occasionally come across a style that, when loaded on my Tyros4, would play at a volume far higher than the other styles. The MidiPlayer program, which loads styles as well as midi files, also identifies many elements of a style including the overall style volume and the volume of each accompaniment voice. You can use the program to adjust any of the volumes or use one of the features that automatically adjusted the styles volume to a Yamaha standard including a standard balance between the drums and other voices. While the program includes a batch process that would allow one to adjust a whole group of styles, I did not use this feature since many of the styles were created by players as their gig disks and I did not want to change their settings. However, I did load each style individually and adjusted any styles with an average volume of 100 or more (the Yamaha standard is about 60), back down to the Yamaha standard. There will still be some "loud" styles since some performer's had volumes in the 90 range, but the really loud outliers have been corrected.

MusicFinderView. Another great utility from Michael Bedesem is MusicFinderView. MusicFinder databases are keyboard specific since the preset styles are not the same on each keyboard. However, you can use the MusicFinderView program to read a database designed for one keyboard and modify it for use with a different target keyboard. You can also use this database on your computer to create new MusicFinder records or modify existing records. So, if you have a text file showing a suggested tempo and style for a song, you could easily create your own music finder record using that information.

File Renamer. Editing of individual filenames was greatly facilitated by using a file renamer. There are many such programs available. I happen to use a product called File Renamer by Sherrod Computers. This, too, would read a folder (and sub-folders) of files and allow the user to automatically rename the files. For example, I could make sure all the file types were in capital letters. I was also able to append the contributors initials to the end of the filename. It could automatically replace any set of characters with a different set. Lots of options, very useful. This program is not included in this collection, but you could download a free version from their site to try it out if you wanted.

Joe Waters
10 January 2014.

This page updated on September 15, 2016.